History of the EUSO

The European Union Science Olympiad (EUSO) was founded by Mr. Michael A. Cotter, Dublin, Ireland. He developed his idea of a science competition for sixteen-year-old EU students following his experience as the Director of the Irish Science Olympiad which he established as the mechanism for selecting Irish students to represent Ireland at the IBO, IChO, IOI and IPhO. He wanted the new science competition to be different from the other Science Olympiads in respect of student age, content, time of year and format. He wanted it to be complimentary to the existing International, Regional and National Science Olympiads and competitions and not in competition with them.

In 1998 Mr. Cotter presented an outline of his plans for an EUSO to the Minister for Science and Technology in the Irish Government, Mr. Noel Treacy TD. The Minister who already has a reputation of encouraging novel ideas in Science Education welcomed the idea. Later that year he took the concept to a meeting EU Education and Science Ministers where it was welcomed enthusiastically.

It was decided to hold the first EUSO in Dublin City University in April 2001 with funding provided by the Irish Government. Letters were sent to all fifteen EU Ministers for Science and Technology inviting them to nominate an EUSO Country Coordinator.

All EU member states nominated a Country Coordinator. However 2001 was the year when the Foot and Mouth disease outbreak occurred and travel between EU countries was restricted. It was decided to postpone the first EUSO until April 2003.

In May 2002 the first meeting of the EUSO Governing Body was held in Dublin. It was attended by Mr. Michael A. Cotter (Ireland; Chairperson), Mr. Gérard Cobut (Belgium), Dr. Eckhard Lucius (Germany), Mr. Kostas Kampouris (Greece), Mr. Edouard Ries (Luxembourg) and Mr. Carlos Romero Aires (Spain). All aspects of EUSO2003 were agreed including the revised EUSO Constitution.

The main elements of the revised EUSO Constitution were:
• that the week-long EUSO was a team event for EU students who were seventeen years of age or younger
• that each delegation could consist of a country coordinator, three mentors and nine students
• that each team consist of a student of biology, chemistry and physics
• that the two-part competition be spread over two days with an interval of at least one day
• that each part be a practical test, covering the elements of biology, chemistry and physics in approximate equal proportions.

EUSO2009

The 7th European Union Science Olympiad was held in Murcia, Spain on the 28th March to the 05 April 2009. The Honorary President was His Majesty the King, D. Juan Carlos I of Spain, the Director was Prof. Juan Antonio Rodríguez Renuncio and the Coordinator was Dr. Jorge Molero Fernández. The Organising Committee chaired by, Ilma. Sra. Dna. Rosa Peñalver Pérez, General Director of Territory Cooperation (Ministry of Educatión), included , Ilmo. Sr. D. Carlos Romero Gallego, General Director for Educational Promotion and Innovation (Regional Government of Murcia) and, Ilmo. Sr. Dr. D. Francisco Guillermo Díaz Baños, Vice-President of the University of Murcia.

The two experiments were developed by the Scientific Committee based at Murcia University under the direction of Prof. José Antonio Lozano Teruel and the chairmanship of Prof. Manuel Hernández Córdoba. This committee also included Dr. Carmen López Erroz, Professor of Analytical Chemistry, Dr. Gloria Villoria Cano, Professor of Chemical Engineering, Dr. Patricia Lucas Elio, Professor of Genetic and Microbiology, Dr. Antonio Sánchez Amat, Professor of Genetics and Microbiology, Dr. Jorge de Costa Ruiz, Professor of Physiology, Dr. Antonio Guirao Piñera, Professor of Optics, and Dr. Rafael García Molina, Professor of Applied Physics.

Twenty-one EU countries were represented by a total of 40 teams (120 Students). Delegations included one or two teams of three students and a mentor for each discipline, Biology, Chemistry and Physics. One mentor was the Country Coordinator and Head of the Delegation. Romania and France sent Scientific Observers for the first time.

Teams: Austria (2 teams) Belgium (2 teams), Bulgaria (2 teams), Cyprus (2 teams), Czech Republic (2 teams), Denmark (2 teams), Estonia (2 teams), Germany (2 teams), Greece (2 teams), Hungary (2 teams), Ireland (2 teams), Latvia (1 team), Lithuania (2 teams), Luxembourg (2 teams), Netherlands (2 teams), Portugal (2 teams), Slovakia (2 teams), Slovenia (1 team), Spain (2 teams), Sweden (2 teams) and the United Kingdom  (2 teams)

Medals were awarded as follows:
EUSO Trophy & Gold Medal: Czech Republic (Team A)
Gold Medals: Hungary (Team A), Germany (Team B), Germany (Team A) and Estonia (Team A)
Silver Medals: Netherlands (Team A), Lithuania (Team A), Czech Republic (Team A), Ireland (Team A), Belgium (Team A), Netherlands (Team B), United Kingdom  (Team B), Austria (Team B), Cyprus (Team B), Lithuania (Team B), Slovakia (Team B) and Greece (Team B)
Bronze Medals (in alphabetical order):
(Teams A): Bulgaria, Cyprus, Denmark, Greece, Latvia, Luxembourg, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom
(Teams B): Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Estonia, Hungary, Ireland, Luxembourg, Portugal, Spain and Sweden

EUSO2008

The 6th EUSO European Union Science Olympiad was held in Nicosia, Cyprus on the 11th - 17th May 2008. The Director was Mr. Mikis Hadjineophytou. The Organising Committee was greatly assisted by the Director of the Ministry of Education and Culture, Mrs Olympia Stylianou. The experiments, carried out by the students at the University of Cyprus, were developed by the Scientific Committee comprising of Dr. Epaminondas Leontides, Chemistry Professor at the University of Cyprus, Dr. Christina Sidera, Dr. Constantinos Phanis, Mr. Anaxagoras Hadjiiosif and Mr. Andreas Papastylianou.

Twenty-one EU countries were represented by a total of 33 teams (99 Students). Delegations included one or two teams of three students and a mentor for each discipline, Biology, Chemistry and Physics. One mentor was the Country Coordinator and Head of the Delegation. Hungary, Portugal and the United Kingdom sent Scientific Observers.

Teams: Austria (2 teams) Belgium (2 teams), Bulgaria (2 teams), Cyprus (2 teams), Czech Republic (2 teams), Denmark (2 teams), Estonia (2 teams), Germany (2 teams), Greece (2 teams), Ireland (2 teams), Latvia (1 team), Lithuania (2 teams), Luxembourg (2 teams), Netherlands (2 teams), Slovakia (2 teams), Slovenia (1 team), Spain (2 teams) and Sweden (2 teams).

Medals were awarded as follows:
EUSO Trophy & Gold Medal: Estonia (Team B)
Gold Medals: Netherlands (Team B), Germany (Team A), Slovakia (Team B), Latvia (Team A), Lithuania (Team B), Ireland (Team B) & Cyprus (Team B).
Silver Medals: Czech Republic (Team A), Lithuania (Team A), Austria (Team A), Czech Republic (Team B), Belgium (Team A), Germany (Team B), Estonia (Team A), Ireland (Team A) & Slovakia (Team A),
Bronze Medals (in alphabetical order):
(Teams A): Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Slovenia, Spain, & Sweden. (Teams B): Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Greece, Luxembourg, Spain & Sweden.

EUSO2007

The 5th European Union Science Olympiad was  held in Potsdam, Brandenburg, Germany on the 25th March - 1st April 2007. The  Director was Dr. Eckhard R. Lucius; Vice Directors, Dr. Marlen Fritzsche &  Mr. Matthias Griessner and Secretary, Ms. Renate Glawe. The experiments were  developed by and held in Potsdam University. The Chairman was Professor Thomas  Altmann.

Sixteen EU countries were represented by a total of 29 teams (87 Students). Delegations included one or two teams of three students and a mentor for each discipline, Biology, Chemistry and Physics. One mentor was the Country Coordinator and Head of the Delegation. Austria and Bulgaria sent Observers. International guests from Indonesia and Taiwan represented the IJSO.

Teams: Belgium (2 teams), Cyprus (2 teams), Czech Republic (2 teams), Estonia (2 teams), Germany (2 teams), Greece (2 teams), Ireland (2 teams), Latvia (1 team), Lithuania (1 team), Luxembourg (2 teams), Netherlands (2 teams), Slovakia (2 teams), Slovenia (1 team), Spain (2 teams), Sweden (2 teams) and the United Kingdom (2 teams).

Medals were awarded as follows:
EUSO Trophy & Gold Medal: Germany (Team B)
Gold Medals: Germany (Team A), Spain (Team A), Estonia (Team A), Netherlands (Team A)
Silver Medals: Slovakia (Team A), Lithuania (Team A), Latvia (Team A), Ireland (Team B), Slovakia (Team B), Estonia (Team B), Ireland (Team A), United Kingdom (Team A), Spain (Team B), Netherlands (Team B).Bronze Medals (in alphabetical order): (Teams A); Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Greece, Luxembourg, Slovenia, Sweden, (Teams B); Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Greece, Luxembourg, Sweden, United Kingdom

EUSO2006

The 4th European Union Science Olympiad was held in Brussels, Belgium on the 2nd - 8th April 2006. (Director: Mr. Victor Rasquin). The experiments were developed by and held in Vrije Universiteit van Brussel (VUB) and the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB). The coordinators were Prof. Dr. Luc Leyns and Mrs. Roosje Van Den Driessche and the chairman was Prof. Dr. Louis De Vos. The Patron was Her Majesty, Queen Paola of Belgium.

A delegation to two teams (three students in each) and a mentor for each discipline, Biology, Chemistry and Physics represented participating countries. One mentor was the Country Coordinator and head of the delegation.

Twelve countries were represented by a total of 23 teams (69 Students): Belgium (2 teams), Cyprus (2 teams), Estonia (2 teams), Germany (2 teams), Greece (2 teams), Ireland (2 teams), Latvia (1 team), Netherlands (2 teams), Slovakia (1team), Spain (2 teams), Sweden (2 teams) and the United Kingdom (2 teams). Each country also sent three mentors. Denmark sent an Observer.

Medals were awarded as follows:
EUSO Trophy & Gold Medal: Germany (Team A)
Gold Medal: Latvia (Team A), Netherlands (Team B)
Silver Medals: Germany (Team B), Slovakia (Team A), Ireland (Team B), Estonia (Team A), Netherlands (Team A), Estonia (Team B), Belgium, (Team B), Slovakia (Team B), Spain (Team A), Ireland (Team A)
Bronze Medals (in alphabetical order): Belgium (Team A), Cyprus (Team A), Cyprus (Team B), Greece (Team A.), Greece (Team B), Spain (Team B), Sweden (Team A), Sweden (Team B), United Kingdom (Team A), United Kingdom (Team B)

EUSO2005

The 3rd European Union Science Olympiad was held in Galway, Ireland on the 14th - 21st May 2005. (Directors: Michael A. Cotter & Bernard Kirk). The experiments were developed by and held in NUI Galway and GMIT under the supervision of Dr. Paraic James (DCU). The Patron was Mr. Noel Treacy TD, Minister for European Affairs.

A constitution change (3.2.1) in 2004 reduced the delegations to two teams with three science student in each and a Mentor for each discipline: - Biology, Chemistry and Physics, with one acting as the Country Coordinator and Head of the delegation.

Ten countries were represented by a total of 18 teams (54 Students): Belgium (2 teams), Cyprus (2 teams), Estonia (2 teams), Germany (2 teams), Ireland (2 teams), Latvia (1 team), Netherlands (2 teams), Slovakia (1team), Spain (2 teams) and Sweden (2 teams). Each country also sent three mentors. The United Kingdom sent an Observer.

Medals were awarded as follows:
Gold Medal & EUSO Trophy: Slovakia (Team A)
Gold Medal: Germany (Team B)
Silver Medals: Estonia (Team A), Germany (Team A) Belgium, (Team A), Spain (Team A), Ireland (Team B), Netherlands (Team B), Netherlands (Team A)
Bronze Medals (in alphabetical order): Belgium (Team B), Cyprus (Team A), Cyprus (Team B), Estonia (Team B), Ireland (Team A), Latvia (Team A), Spain (Team B), Sweden (Team A), Sweden (Team B)

EUSO2004

Fifteen EU countries participated in the 2nd European Union Science Olympiad in Groningen, the Netherlands on the 2nd – 8th May 2004 (Director: Dr. Hans Jordens). The host country invited the seven countries that participated in the 1st EUSO in Dublin in April 2003. They were represented by a total of 19 teams (57 Students): Belgium (2 teams), Germany (3 teams), Ireland (3 teams), Netherlands (3 teams), Spain (3 teams), Sweden (3 teams) and the United Kingdom (2 teams). Each country also sent mentors for Biology, Chemistry and Physics.

Medals were awarded as follows_
Gold medal and EUSO Trophy: Germany T2
Gold medal: Germany T3.
Silver Medals: Sweden T3, Netherlands T3, Germany T1, Ireland T1, Belgium T1, United Kingdom T1 & Ireland T3.
Bronze Medals (in alphabetical order): Belgium T2, Ireland T2, Netherlands T1, Netherlands T2, Spain T1, Spain T2, Spain T3, Sweden T1, Sweden T2, & United Kingdom T2

Scientific observer represented eight countries that joined the EU in 2004. These countries; Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Greece, Latvia, Malta, Poland and Slovakia, in addition to the seven countries listed above will be invited to send a full delegation the EUSO2005.

EUSO2003

The first EUSO was held in Dublin, Ireland on the 6th –13th April 2003. Seven countries including Belgium, Germany, Ireland, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Spain and Sweden attended. Switzerland sent an observer. The opening and closing ceremonies took place in the Mansion House attended by Minister Noel Treacy TD, Minister Mary Hanafin TD, the Dublin Lord Mayor, Councillor Dermot Lacey, the deputy Lord Mayor, Senator Liam Fitzgerald and Professor Malcolm Smyth , DCU.

The EUSO2003 Management Committee included:
Chairperson: Dr. Carl Ó Dálaigh
Director: Mr. Michael A. Cotter
Administrator: Ms. Sonya Mc Kenna
Scientific Committee: Prof. Richard O Kennedy, Dr. Paraic James, Dr. Paul van Kampen & Dr. George Porter
Senior Examiners: Dr. Ciarán Fagan, Dr. Wesley Browne & Dr. Enda McGlynn

The two experiments were held in the Science laboratories at DCU under the supervision of Mr. Maurice Burke.

Medals were awarded to the following teams:
Gold medals: United Kingdom T3 & Netherlands T2.
Silver Medals: Ireland T3, Germany T3, Ireland T2, Netherlands T1 & United Kingdom T1.
Bronze Medals: (in alphabetical order) Belgium T1, Germany T1, Germany T2, Ireland T1, Spain T1, Sweden T1 & United Kingdom T2.

At the GB meeting attended by all seven country coordinators, the 2003 Edition of the Constitution was agreed. The main changes included the reduction of the student participants’ age to "sixteen on the previous December 31st and the amalgamation of the role of country coordinator with one of the country mentors".

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